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It must be understood that a crawlspace under a structure is a fundamental base to any home or building. The majority of crawlspaces will have moisture problems at one time or another.
Wood destroying fungus causes more wood to be destroyed than fire, floods, or termites combined in the United States.
Commonly called "Wood Rot." Wood destroying fungus requires three things to survive.
These being: oxygen, water, and food.
Fungus normally occurs when the moisture content in wood exceeds 20%-30%. Since we cannot eliminate the food or air sources in our homes, the only mechanical thing we can do is eliminate the water source. Water is the natural enemy of wood.
You eliminate the water source and you ELIMINATE the wood decay fungus. Wood may be weakened in a relatively short period of time. Once the brown rot has taken all the nutrients from the wood; the wood then becomes powdery and dry.
The types of wood decaying fungi encountered by pest control inspectors and homeowners are:
A: White Rot: This fungus attaches the cellulose and lignin in the wood, giving the wood a white, bleached appearance. In the later stages, the wood becomes soft, moist, and has a spongy feeling to the touch. White rot typically attaches to hardwoods and lacks the cubicle checking appearance that usually associated with brown rot.
B. Brown rot: This fungus commonly attaches to soft woods, turning the wood to a dark brown. Woods affected by brown rot usually become fragile and dry, it crumbles into cubes or has a checker board appearance.
C. Water Conducting Fungi (Poria Incrassata): This type of fungus transports water through root-like structures, called Rhizomorphs, which allows it to transport water from the soil to the wood.
Water conducting fungi can rapidly destroy portions of wood members in flooring in as little as 2 years. One indication of having wood conducting fungi is the presence of rot in wood with no visible source of water.
A moisture meter is the most optimal tool used to determine the extent of a moisture problem. Any wood having a moisture content above 40% without a water source, may be infected with water conducting fungi (Poria Incrassata).
Wood may be protected from decay with a BORATE treatment, performed by a certified, licensed professional. In certain situations with relative humidity, that exceeds 60% a dehumidifier system should be installed. We install Santa Fe or Horizon series dehumidifier systems. Both systems are rated as an industry leader for crawlspace maintenance.
This will provide cleaner air and better home circulation, which we can install in one day.
Call Complete Pest Management to evaluate your moisture condition by certified, licensed technician.
Complete Pest Management
Newport News, VA 23608-1393
Phone: (757) 369-0966
Fax: (757) 369-0968
MOISTURE IN CRAWLSPACES